Application Reports

Food

Preparation of Samples for Aflatoxin Testing - UK Preparation of Samples for Aflatoxin Testing

Aflatoxins are produced by various types of molds which can grow on foodstuffs such as pistachio nuts, peanuts,…

Dispersion of Filter Aid Powders - UK Dispersion of Filter Aid Powders

Before racking into containers most beer, particularly lager, is filtered to remove yeast and other solid matter in…

Dispersion of Beer Foam Head Retaining Agents - UK Dispersion of Beer Foam Head Retaining Agents

Ingredients such as propylene glycol alginate (PGA) may be added to beer to stabilise the foam head and to aid…

Preparation of Isinglass Finings - UK Preparation of Isinglass Finings

Lager beer is brewed using “bottom fermenting” yeast which sinks during fermentation. A storage period follows to…

Production of Cream Liqueurs - UK Production of Cream Liqueurs

Cream liqueurs are an emulsion of cream with an alcoholic spirit such as brandy, whisky, vodka, etc. which may be in…

Manufacture of Baby Milk and Infant Formula - UK Manufacture of Baby Milk and Infant Formula

Baby milk or infant formula is primarily used as a substitute for human milk. Other uses include “Follow-up” products…

Processed Cheese - UK Processed Cheese

Processed Cheese is a blend of cheese, water and other permitted additional ingredients (depending on legislation) such…

Production of Flavored Milk Drinks - UK Production of Flavoured Milk Drinks

Flavoured milk drinks are available in many varieties. Viscosities range from that of whole milk, to “thick milkshake”…

Preparation of Ice Cream Mixes - UK Preparation of Ice Cream Mixes

Ice cream mixes are formulated from either whole milk, skim milk, cream or in some cases water, with a number of added…

Ice Cream Manufacture—Hydration of Stabilizers and Emulsifiers - UK Ice Cream Manufacture -- Hydration of Stabilizers and Emulsifiers

Stabilizers and Emulsifiers make up only a small proportion of an ice cream mix (typically no more than 1%) but…

Production of Margarine and Low Fat Spreads - UK Production of Margarine and Low Fat Spreads

Margarine is a blend of around 80% vegetable oil or animal fat and 20% water with added salt, flavourings, colour and…

Premixes for Mousses and other Aerated Desserts - UK Premixes for Mousses and other Aerated Desserts

A mousse is typically a dessert which has set with a light foam-like consistency. This structure is obtained by the…

Manufacture of Sweetened Condensed Milk - UK Manufacture of Sweetened Condensed Milk

Sweetened condensed milk (SCM) is concentrated milk to which sugar has been added to act as a preservative. It differs…

Premixes for Yogurt and Other Cultured Milk Desserts - UK Premixes for Yoghurt and Other Cultured Milk Desserts

Yoghurts (and other cultured milk desserts) are produced by fermentation of milk by the addition of certain types of…

Soft Drink Manufacture - Dispersion of Artificial Sweeteners - UK Soft Drink Manufacture - Dispersion of Artificial Sweeteners

“Low Calorie,” “Sugar-free” or “Diet” soft drinks are formulated with artificial sweeteners such as Aspartame,…

Manufacture of Cloud Emulsions for Soft Drinks - UK Manufacture of Cloud Emulsions for Soft Drinks

Clouding agents are used in soft drink manufacture to give a more natural appearance to products with a low juice…

Soft Drink Manufacture - Dispersion/Hydration of Functional Ingredients - UK Soft Drink Manufacture - Dispersion/Hydration of Functional Ingredients

Ingredients such as gums, starches, alginates, etc., are found in many soft drinks including fruit juices, concentrated…

Soft Drink Manufacture - Preparation of Sugar Syrups - UK Soft Drink Manufacture - Preparation of Sugar Syrups

The sugar content of carbonated and still soft drinks varies considerably according to whether the product is to be…

High Speed Reclamation of Confectionery - UK High Speed Reclamation of Confectionery

Confectionery may require reclamation or reworking for a number of reasons, for example when high speed production…

Refining of Edible Oils - UK Refining of Edible Oils

Edible oils obtained from coconut, corn, cottonseed, olive, palm, peanut, soybean, sunflower, etc., contain gums and…

Production of Flavor Emulsions - UK Production of Flavour Emulsions

Flavour Emulsions are used in a wide range of foods, carbonated soft drinks and dairy products.

Dispersion of Pectin for Jellies and Preserves - UK Dispersion of Pectin for Jams and Preserves

Pectin is a polysaccharide obtained from a variety of fruits. It is used as a thickening and gelling agent in a wide…

Hydration of Xanthan Gum - UK Hydration of Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum (E415) is widely used for its thickening and stabilizing effect on emulsions and suspensions, especially in…

Preparation of Batter and Coating Mixes - UK Preparation of Batter and Coating Mixes

Batter mixes are widely used as a coating for deep-fried foods and in many other products including cakes, doughnuts,…

Deagglomerating Batter Mixes - UK Deagglomerating Batter Mixes

The installation of a Silverson In-Line mixer has solved production problems for a major food processor. They…

Preparation of Brines for the Meat Industry - UK Preparation of Brines for the Meat Industry

A number of functional ingredients are added to meat to act as preservatives, flavoring, coloring, etc. These are…

Preparation of Petfood Gravies and Gels - UK Preparation of Petfood Gravies and Gels

Most tinned dog and cat food is based on a slurry of meat or meat derivatives and cereals. Some products also contain…

Mayonnaise Manufacture - UK Mayonnaise Manufacture

Mayonnaise is an oil-in-water emulsion which can contain up to 80% oil. Some typical recipes would be as follows...

Preparation of Mustards - UK Preparation of Mustards

Mustards are made in a variety of forms, with various flavors and textures. They can however be divided into two basic…

Production of Salad Dressings - UK Production of Salad Dressings

There are many products which could be described as salad dressings, including many sauces. There are further…

Manufacture of Tomato Sauces and Ketchups - UK Manufacture of Tomato Sauces and Ketchups

Tomato sauces are used in many products including frozen foods, pasta sauces and pizza toppings, etc. A typical tomato…

Dispersion of Starch - UK Dispersion of Starch

Starch is used as a thickening, stabilising and binding agent in many foods, including soups, sauces, gravies and baked…

Manufacture of Smoothies - UK Manufacture of Smoothies

A smoothie is made by blending raw fruits or vegetables with water, fruit juice or milk. It may also contain other…

Preparation of Guar Gum Solutions - UK Preparation of Guar Gum Solutions

Guar Gum (E412) is readily soluble in cold water, forming a high viscosity solution at low concentrations which…




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Chemical

Manufacture of Pesticides - UK Manufacture of Pesticides

Pesticides can be categorized into several groups - Fungicide, Herbicide, Insecticide, etc. There are many different…

Refining of Vegetable Oils for Biofuels - UK Refining of Vegetable Oils for Biofuels

There is considerable growth in the use of vegetable oils such as palm, rape seed, soybean, sunflower, etc. as an…

Preparation of Drilling Fluids - UK Preparation of Drilling Fluids

Drilling fluids (or drilling muds) have several functions, including carrying bore cuttings to the surface, cooling and…

High Speed Dissolving of Viscosity Index Improvers in Luboils - UK High Speed Dissolving of Viscosity Index Improvers in Luboils

Luboils, in common with most fluids, experience reduced viscosity at high operating temperatures. This results in a…

Manufacture of Ink Jet Coding & Marking Inks - UK Manufacture of Ink Jet Coding & Marking Inks

Inks for bar coding, batch numbering, use-by date marking and other identification purposes are used in many industries…

Redispersion of Filter Cake - UK Redispersion of Filter Cake

The solid material obtained from filtration or centrifugation of a suspension is called filter cake. This usually…

Polymer/Pigment Dispersion in Textile Manufacture- UK Polymer/Pigment Dispersion in Textile Manufacture

A textile manufacturer was faced with a dramatic increase in demand for one of their most popular products which…

High Speed Dispersion of Titanium Dioxide - UK High Speed Dispersion of Titanium Dioxide

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is chemically inert and has exceptional opacity and whiteness. These properties have led to its…

Preparation of Paper Coatings - UK Preparation of Paper Coatings

Paper coatings impart a variety of properties, both decorative (whiteness, opacity, etc.) and functional (smoothness,…

High Speed Dispersion of Bentonite - UK High Speed Dispersion of Bentonite

Bentonite is a naturally occurring aluminum silicate clay which can take up several times its own weight of water to…

Dispersion of Fumed Silica - UK Dispersion of Fumed Silica

Fumed Silica (also called colloidal silica) is a fluffy white powder with an extremely low density, marketed under…

Xanthan gum in Chemical Applications - UK Xanthan gum in Chemical Applications

Xanthan gum is widely used for its thickening and stabilising effect on emulsions and suspension, particularly in the…

Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) Solutions - UK Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) Solutions

Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA, sometimes referred to as PVOH) is a water soluble polymer used widely in adhesives, paints,…

Production of Solid Polishes - UK Production of Solid Polishes

Polishes used for floors, furniture and shoes can be supplied in solid form. These are an emulsion of water with waxes…

Production of Automotive Polishes - UK Production of Automotive Polishes

Automotive polishes are traditionally solvent based emulsions consisting of petroleum distillates, waxes and…




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Cosmetics/Toiletries

Dispersion and Hydration of Carbopol® - UK Dispersion and Hydration of Carbopol®

Carbopol® is a water soluble vinyl polymer, used as an emulsifying, stabilizing, suspending, thickening and gelling…

Manufacture of Deodorants and Antiperspirants - UK Manufacture of Deodorants and Antiperspirants

A deodorant stops odour by killing skin bacteria with biocides and masking odour through fragrance. An antiperspirant…

Production of Cosmetic Creams and Lotions - UK Production of Cosmetic Creams and Lotions

Cosmetic creams and lotions are used for a variety of purposes such as cleansing and moisturizing. The ingredients of…

Manufacture of Suntan Creams and Lotions - UK Manufacture of Suntan Creams and Lotions

The formulation of suntan creams is a complex science. Due to increased demand for higher sun protection factors (SPF),…

Dilution of High Active Surfactants - UK Dilution of High Active Surfactants

Surfactants such as Sodium Laureth Sulphate (SLES) are widely used in shampoo, bubble bath, liquid detergent and other…

Lipstick Manufacture - UK Lipstick Manufacture

Lipsticks consist of a pigment dispersed into a mixture of oils and waxes. The range of pigments and other raw…

Nail Varnish Manufacture - UK Nail Varnish Manufacture

Nail varnish (also called nail polish or enamel) is a lacquer consisting of ingredients as illustrated in the table…

Manufacture of Shampoos - UK Manufacture of Shampoos

Shampoos are a mixture of surfactants, conditioning agents, and many other ingredients in an aqueous base. In addition…

Manufacture of Toothpaste - UK Manufacture of Toothpaste

Toothpastes are generally either white abrasive pastes or clear gels. Although the formulations differ, they are made…




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Pharmaceutical

Production of Pharmaceutical Creams and Ointments - UK Production of Pharmaceutical Creams and Ointments

Pharmaceutical preparations for treatment of conditions such as rashes, skin irritation, stings, fungal infections,…

Manufacture of Ophthalmic and Contact Lens Solutions - UK Manufacture of Ophthalmic and Contact Lens Solutions

Contact lens solutions include different products which perform a range of functions including cleaning, disinfecting,…

Production of Cough Mixtures and Pharmaceutical Syrups - UK Production of Cough Mixtures and Pharmaceutical Syrups

Traditional cough mixtures are formulated around a syrup at 60-75% concentration which is made from sucrose,…

Mixing of Sterile Ingredients - UK Mixing of Sterile Ingredients

To respond to legislative and customer requirements, the pharmaceutical industry is having to demand ever increasing…

Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Tablet Coatings - UK Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Tablet Coatings

Pharmaceutical tablets are given a coating for a number of reasons:

• To improve the appearance and aid…

Assay of Pharmaceutical Products - UK Assay of Pharmaceutical Products

Assay of products such as pharmaceutical suspensions and tablet coatings is a critical part of the Quality Assurance…